flower country

What is the National Flower of the Netherlands

What is the National Flower of the Netherlands

(Last Updated On: May 27, 2023)

History of Dutch Flowers

The Netherlands has been synonymous with beautiful flowers for centuries. This European country has a rich history when it comes to the cultivation and export of flowers. The Dutch are credited with creating the flower bulb industry, revolutionizing how flowers were grown and sold. The popularity of Dutch flowers can be traced back to the 16th and 17th centuries when the country was a hub for international trade. Dutch traders brought back exotic flowers from around the world, and soon, they became a status symbol among the wealthy elite.

However, it wasn’t until the invention of the wooden shoe, or clog, that Dutch flower farming took off. Wooden shoes were ideal for walking in muddy fields, making it easier for farmers to tend to their flower crops. The flower bulb industry boomed, and soon, the Netherlands became known for its colorful fields of tulips, daffodils, and other popular flowers.

In 1980, the Dutch government officially declared the tulip as the national emblem of the Netherlands, making it the country’s official flower. The yellow tulip represents the Dutch royal family, while the purple tulip symbolizes loyalty and faithfulness. The tulip is also a common garden flower, and many households display them in the spring during the tulip season.

Today, the Netherlands is still one of the largest exporters of flowers in the world. Its tulip fields attract millions of visitors annually, and the country’s flower industry is integral to its economy and cultural identity.

holland national flower
national flower netherland

Importance of Flowers in Dutch Culture

Flowers hold a special place in Dutch culture and have been an integral part of it since the 16th century. They have been depicted in Dutch art and have become an official national symbol. The typical garden tulip, with its bright colors and simple shape, is the most well-known flower from the Netherlands and has become synonymous with Dutch culture. In addition to being a popular subject in Dutch art, flowers are essential for their symbolic significance. They are often used to express love, affection, and appreciation. For example, in the Netherlands, a bouquet is a joint gift to bring when visiting someone’s home or as a gesture of appreciation.

Furthermore, the national flag of the Netherlands features red, white, and blue colors with a white background. The colors were chosen for their historical significance, but the white background is believed to represent the purity and simplicity of Dutch culture, much like the typical garden tulip.

Overall, flowers hold great importance in Dutch culture and continue to be a source of pride and inspiration for the country.

Various Types of Flowers Found in the Netherlands

The Netherlands is known for its stunning flowers and floral landscapes, and it’s not difficult to understand why. The country has a temperate maritime climate is perfect for growing a wide range of wild and cultivated flowers. From daffodils to daisies and everything in between, here are some flowers you can expect to find in the Netherlands.

  1. Daffodils – these yellow flowers are a famous symbol of spring in the Netherlands, and they are often used in flower arrangements or as a gift during the season.
  2. Hyacinths – these fragrant flowers are found all over the Netherlands in white, blue, and pink colors. They grow in large bunches and are often seen in parks and gardens.
  3. Roses – this popular flower can be found worldwide but grow abundantly in the Netherlands. Roses in the Netherlands come in many colors and sizes and are often used in weddings or special events.
  4. Irises – these stunning blue-purple flowers grow all over the Netherlands and are famous in parks and gardens. They are also the official symbol of the Dutch royal family.
  5. Daisies – these simple white and yellow flowers are commonly found in fields and meadows across the Netherlands and are often used in bouquets or wreaths.

These are just a few examples of the beautiful flowers found in the Netherlands. With such a wide range of flowers, it’s no wonder that the country has become famous for its stunning flower displays.

national flower netherlands

The National Flower of the Netherlands

The national flower of the Netherlands is the tulip. The tulip has been a symbol of the country for centuries and is recognized worldwide. This beautiful flower is an integral part of Dutch culture and has played an essential role in their history. The history of tulips in the Netherlands can be traced back to the 16th century. At that time, tulips were considered a luxury item; only the wealthy could afford them. The Dutch were the first to cultivate the flower on a large scale, which led to the famous “Tulipmania” in the 17th century. During this period, tulips became so popular that they were sold for outrageous prices, leading to a financial crisis when the bubble burst. Despite the financial setbacks caused by Tulipmania, tulips remain an essential part of Dutch culture today. The country produces over 3 billion tulip bulbs each year, making it the world’s largest exporter of tulips. Tulips are not only the Netherlands’ national flower but also represent friendship and love. During the Dutch Golden Age, men often gave women tulips as a sign of affection. Today, tulips are still famous for special occasions like Valentine’s Day and Mother’s Day. The vibrant colors of tulips, such as red, yellow, pink, and purple, make them a beautiful addition to any garden. Tulip fields are a popular tourist attraction in the Netherlands, with visitors flocking to see the colorful rows of flowers each spring.

Tulips: The Symbol of the Netherlands

When you think of the Netherlands, the first thing that comes to mind is the tulips. These brightly colored flowers are iconic to the country and are the most widely recognized symbol of the Netherlands. Tulips were first introduced to the Netherlands in the 16th century and quickly became popular due to their vibrant colors and unique shape. By the 17th century, the tulip trade had become a significant industry, with tulip bulbs selling for astronomical prices. This period in Dutch history is known as “Tulip Mania,” where some tulip bulbs were worth more than a house.

Today, the Netherlands is still known for its production of tulips, with millions of bulbs being exported annually. Every spring, the Keukenhof Gardens in Lisse, just outside of Amsterdam, open up to visitors and showcase millions of tulips in full bloom. The tulip has become so synonymous with the Netherlands that the Dutch Royal Family even participates in the annual Tulip Festival in Amsterdam, where they plant the first tulip of the season in Dam Square.

In addition to their cultural significance, tulips are symbolic in Dutch culture. The flowers are seen as a representation of love, prosperity, and new beginnings. This symbolism is particularly evident during weddings and new business ventures, where tulips are often given as gifts. Read more about why the Netherlands wears Orange.

Other Popular Flowers in the Netherlands

While tulips may be the national flower of the Netherlands, many other types of flowers are just as beloved in Dutch culture. Here are a few other popular flowers you might find in the Netherlands:
Daffodils: Daffodils are a springtime staple in the Netherlands. Their bright yellow or white petals and trumpet-shaped centers add a splash of color to gardens, parks, and fields.
Hyacinths: Hyacinths are known for their strong, sweet fragrance and vibrant colors, including shades of pink, purple, and blue. They are often grown in pots or planted in flower beds for a pop of color.
Crocuses: Like daffodils, crocuses signify spring in the Netherlands. They come in various colors, including white, purple, yellow, and blue, blooming in gardens, fields, and parks.
Lilies: Lilies are popular in the Netherlands, particularly the Asiatic and Oriental varieties. These flowers are known for their large, showy blooms and sweet fragrance.
Roses: While not native to the Netherlands, roses are still prevalent in Dutch gardens and parks. They come in various colors and varieties, from classic reds to fragrant pink and yellow blooms.

No matter which flowers you prefer, it’s clear that the Netherlands is a country that loves its blooms. From tulips to lilies and everything in between, the country’s diverse flora adds a touch of beauty and color to its landscape.


Do tulips hold any symbolic meaning in Dutch culture?

Tulips symbolize abundance, prosperity, and love in Dutch culture. They are often associated with the country’s rich history, natural beauty, and artistic inspiration.

Are tulips native to the Netherlands?

No, tulips are not native to the Netherlands. They originated in Central Asia and were brought to the Netherlands during the Golden Age.

Is there any historical significance to the color orange?

Yes, tulips are highly popular in the Netherlands. The country is known for its vast tulip fields and is a significant producer and exporter of tulip bulbs and cut flowers.

Are there any tulip festivals or events in the Netherlands?

The Netherlands hosts several tulip festivals and events throughout the year. The annual Keukenhof Gardens is the most famous, showcasing millions of tulips and other flowers.

Can I see tulips in the Netherlands?

Absolutely! The Netherlands is famous for its beautiful tulip fields, particularly in North Holland and the Keukenhof Gardens. Springtime, especially April and May, is the best time to witness the stunning display of tulips.

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