01 Mar Where Are The Dutch Vikings?(Last Updated On: February 28, 2021)
The world may not know much about Vikings, but it hasn’t stopped us from speculating about them. We do know that they were seafaring people who originated from Europe and were the first people from the continent to reach North America. They were expert sailors who traveled as far as North Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean.
However, the world does not know much about the descendants of the Vikings. Questions like were there Dutch Vikings and which country in Europe has Viking descendants are still being asked by students of history. Although it is impossible to know where every last descendant of the Vikings is, we can conduct some studies to learn more about the genetic makeup of the population of different countries. France, Spain, and Italy remained relatively safe from the raids of the Vikings. But England and its islands became a popular spot for Viking settlements.
The Netherlands, commonly known as Holland, is a country in Western Europe and the Caribbean. In the old times, the Netherlands was known as Frisia. It borders Germany, Belgium, and the North Sea. It also shares its maritime borders through the North Sea with England, Germany, and Belgium. There are twelve provinces of the Netherlands in Europe. Amsterdam is the nominal capital of the Netherlands, whereas The Hague holds the seat of the Supreme Court and the Cabinet. Amsterdam is also the most populous city in the country. The museums and parks of Amsterdam bring millions of tourists to the Netherlands every year. Rotterdam is another important city in the Netherlands. Its port is the busiest in all of Europe.
The Language Dutch
The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch. It is also spoken in the Flanders, in Belgium. In Flemish cities, other languages are also spoken by the locals. West Frisian is a secondary official language in the province of Friesland in the Netherlands. In the Caribbean Netherlands, English and Papiamento act as secondary official languages. Afrikaans is the daughter language of Dutch and is one of the official languages of South Africa. It was brought to South Africa by Dutch settlers during the 18th century.
For centuries, the Netherlands remained under foreign control. At first, it was the barbaric Germanic tribes that ruled over Frisia, and then came the Romans. France and Spain also ruled over Frisia for different periods of time. Once the Dutch got their independence, they started working on improving their country. But during World War II, the Netherlands came under attack from Germany.
Germany and World War II
Germany executed the Jews in Holland and destroyed the infrastructure of the country. Since the end of the war, the people of the Netherlands have worked hard to make their country successful. This is why it is one of the most economically powerful countries in the world today. The Netherlands is also one of the happiest countries, not only in Europe but in the whole world. The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy where the Royal Family is loved by all the citizens. The members of the Royal Family helped the people of Holland win control over their homeland throughout the centuries.
Netherlands, North Sea and Zeeland
The Netherlands, the North Sea, and Zeeland have seen human movement for centuries. The source of this information is the archaeological remains of Neanderthal that were located on the North Sea floor off the coast of Zeeland. The Netherlands of today is not the same as it is when it was known as Frisia. It has made efforts to achieve peace and stability. There are no land development issues caused by corruption. A sister does not have to worry about the safety of her brother. The heads of companies are motivated to work with passion and treat everyone equally. People don’t have to turn to Belgium, Germany, France, or Sweden to find a good job. They can easily find one in the Netherlands and get paid well. They can work and live in Amsterdam and get to enjoy the city’s beauty every day.
Vikings were people from southern Scandinavia (modern-day Sweden, Denmark, and Norway) who raided, pirated and settled throughout parts of Europe from the late 8th to late 11th centuries. They were the ones who first explored Greenland and Iceland. The impact of the Vikings on Europe can be observed even today. There are conflicting stories of the centuries when Vikings were raiding different parts of Europe. In truth, Vikings were much more than their raids and pirating. Their women enjoyed more freedom than the women of England and Spain in the 17th century. The farming cultures of the Vikings also influenced the people of Europe all over.
Almost all the towns and villages raided by the Vikings were located by a river. Because the Vikings were excellent navigators, they could travel in their longships through every river easily. For the Vikings getting control over cities was not the ultimate goal. They traveled to different parts of Europe because they valued their family life and wanted to provide for their family members.
The Vikings went as far as Russia and Iran. They established settlements on different islands. They not only came into contact with local nations but also married native people. This is why the ancestry of the people of Europe is mixed. One speculation is that the Vikings went extinct because they didn’t marry out of their communities. But that has been proven wrong thanks to modern technology.
Vikings have had a huge influence on the languages of Europe. North Germanic languages, also known as Scandinavian languages, are the descendants of the Old Norse, which was the vernacular of the Vikings. The modern-day languages of Denmark, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Spain, Italy, and England have either been directly or indirectly influenced by Old Norse.
There are a lot of misconceptions about Vikings. People think their attacks were not well-coordinated, or the fathers did not care about their children. On the contrary, the attacks of the Vikings were well coordinated. Fathers and mothers took care of their children together. Family life was very important to the Vikings.
The Vikings had their own religion and murdered priests in certain regions. But later, they became Christians. The factor that played a role in this is hard to point out.
In order to find out which European country’s populations have Viking ancestors, different studies were conducted. Scandinavians (people from Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) have been proven to have Vikings ancestry. But due to intermixing, there are also descendants of Vikings in England. This proved that the Vikings married into local families when they made settlements in England. Various cities in England, Scotland, and Ireland have a significant percentage of people with Viking ancestry.
The ancestry of people from France, Belgium, Germany, Spain, and Italy can also be checked. But certain parts of Europe were not ideal for Vikings to attack. This allowed them to venture south and north towards other continents.
Were There Dutch Vikings?
Before the Netherlands was the Netherlands or even Holland, it was known as Frisia. According to Historians, Vikings came to Frisia in the 9th century. They established control over all of Frisia. They conducted raids in cities and towns by the rivers. The Viking rule over Frisia did not last for months but for years. It wasn’t until the local noblemen of Frisia started their resistance against the Vikings that things began to change. But there is nothing to suggest that all the Vikings left the Netherlands.
When they began their raids on Frisia, many Viking teams established their settlements in different cities. They learned local cultures and began to live peacefully. So, it can be said that the Vikings may have influenced the Dutch culture the way they influenced Germanic cultures through their beliefs and ideas. There were different types of raids under the Vikings. Some focused on the largest cities of Frisia for trade, while others targeted major cities for their settlements. The latter group did not want control over the cities of Frisia and just want to live with their family in a peaceful environment. In Frisia, the first group disappeared after the locals rebelled. But the majority of Vikings who wanted to settle down stayed behind.
Although it is impossible to know the origins of everyone in the Netherlands, it can be speculated that some of them have Viking blood so this is a Dutch Viking. One thing is for certain, people with Viking ancestry do live in different parts of Europe. If they move to France or Spain from England or Denmark, that won’t change their genetic makeup.
It is impossible to know the genetic makeup of the people living in all provinces of the Netherlands. We also cannot test all the people of Amsterdam. A study of this scale can not be conducted. However, more than twenty percent of the population can be tested. The Netherlands is not the first country in Europe you think of when someone mentions Vikings. It is Denmark, Sweden, and Norway that is located in northern Europe and share the closest ties to the Vikings and maybe to the Dutch Vikings. However, the Vikings did settle down in different regions, including the Netherlands, so it should be of no surprise to anyone if there are any Viking descendants in Frisia so the Dutch Vikings.
The Influence of European Countries on Dutch Culture:
France, Spain, and Germanic tribes ruled over Frisia in the past. But over time, the people of Frisia were able to gain control over their territory. Once France, Spain, and tribes were all kicked out, the Netherlands had a chance to grow on its own. Although Norway, Germany, Spain, and France are all in Europe and have good relationships with the Netherlands, they don’t have any influence over the Dutch culture.
Amsterdam is not the only city in modern-day Frisia with its own vibrant life. Every city in the Netherlands has its own stories to tell. A single article cannot tell the story of Amsterdam or the whole of North Holland. But if you decide to explore north and South Holland yourself, you won’t need to read an article to learn about the Netherlands. You will get to experience the spirit of the Frisia yourself. You can also attend events to learn more about the culture of the Netherlands.
Whether we are talking about North Netherlands or South Netherlands, we cannot ignore the role of the neighbors of Frisia. Belgium and Germany have affected the Netherlands in different ways. Although all the cities of the Netherlands, including Amsterdam, have their own unique identity, they also have bits and pieces of Belgium and Germany within them. However, the best way to learn more about the culture of Amsterdam and the Netherlands is by visiting them. You can also visit the neighboring countries of Belgium and Germany and have yourself a nice trip. People in the Netherlands, Germany, and Belgium will be able to communicate with you even if you just speak English. English is taught in all the primary schools of the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Germany, etc.