How hard is it to learn Polish?

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How hard is it to learn Polish?

(Last Updated On: January 25, 2021)

Learning a Second Language:

Humans begin speaking their mother tongue from an early age. It is the first language they hear in their lives. But many people grow up in multilingual societies. They grow up to be fluent in two languages. But whether you are monolingual or bilingual, learning another language can be very helpful for you. The people of the world speak more than seven thousand languages, and you cannot wish to communicate with a wide range of audiences if you only know one of them. By learning a second language, not only will you improve your personal relationships but also get to enjoy more opportunities in the workplace. Multinational companies prefer hiring bilinguals and multilingual. So, if you are fluent in more than one language, it will be a plus point for you. Is Polish hard to learn?

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The Polish Language:

Polish is a West Slavic language primarily spoken in Poland. It is spoken by more than 50 million people in the world. And it is an official language in Poland where it is the native tongue of the Poles. The Polish Language is also spoken by Polish minorities in Germany, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Lithuania. The Polish alphabet has been derived from the Latin script. The language has been heavily influenced by Latin as well as French and German. Many loanwords and grammatical structures have been taken from French, German, and Latin.

Most Spoken Slavic language

Polish is the second most spoken Slavic language after Russian. Due to the emigration of Poles to different parts of the world, millions of the language’s speakers can be found in Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. There are four major regional dialects of Polish that can be further divided into more dialects. The influence of other languages has made dialects differ from each other. The word order of the language is relatively free.

How Hard Is It to Learn Polish?

Polish was the lingua franca in Central and Eastern Europe in the past. Although it is not as popular as it used to be in the past, it is still a valuable language to learn if you want to move to Eastern Europe. However, if you are an English speaker, it won’t be easy for you to learn the Polish language. The difficulty level of different languages is measured so English speakers can get an idea of how much time they will need to learn a tongue. So, if you are wondering how hard is it to learn Polish, the answer is not going to be very encouraging. It is one of the most difficult languages to learn for English speakers.

Polish is a category IV language

Slavic languages have a lot of unique features that make them completely different from English. Language learning is never easy, regardless of the tongue you want to learn. But Polish is particularly a very difficult language for the native speakers of English. According to the US Foreign Service Institute, Polish is a category IV language. So, what does that mean for a person who wants to master Polish grammar? Well, you will have to study the language for 44 weeks to master it. However, the official figures are not always accurate.

There are many factors that can affect the speed of your learning. You can learn the Polish language in less than 44 weeks if you are motivated. But if you are not consistent with your learning process, it will take you longer than 44 weeks to become fluent in the language.

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Polish Pronunciation:

The pronunciation of any Polish word is going to confuse language learners. Consonant clusters are very common in Polish and can be difficult to master for non-natives. The individual pronunciations of the consonants are just as difficult. But whether you are learning Polish or Spanish, you will have to learn new pronunciation rules. Without mastering the pronunciation, you won't be able to speak a language fluently. The best way to get over this issue is to listen to Polish spoken by native speakers as much as you can. For instance, you can watch TV shows and movies in Polish or listen to audiobooks to learn the pronunciation of words.

Grammatical Cases

Conjugation is very important in language, but it is the grammatical cases that help us figure out how to conjugate a word. Most languages have four grammatical cases, but there are seven cases in Polish grammar. This is not a complex system for native speakers but for non-natives, it can be very confusing. Every Polish word can be conjugated in seven different ways, which is enough to scare any language student. However, learning a new conjugation system is not impossible. All you have to do is be patient and don't lose your focus. You can start writing in your journal to learn the rules of grammar yourself. This way, you will be able to make tenses and phrases easily.

Grammatical Genders

The concept of grammatical genders is something that native speakers of English are unfamiliar with. But there are three Polish genders that every language student must learn. Masculine, feminine, and neuter are the three genders that every student of Polish will have to master in order to become fluent in the language. Whether you want to learn Polish or Arabic, you will come across unfamiliar rules. If you really want to master a language, you will have to ignore the factors that scare you or make you want to give up. With time, you can master the genders and become fluent in Polish.

How to Learn Polish?

Just because a language is difficult does not mean you cannot learn it. At the end of the day, every language has consonants and vowels. All the languages have grammar rules that you will have to follow. Every learner will have to stay motivated if they don’t want to give up. Here are some tips that can help you learn the official language of Poland:

  • Enroll in a language problem. A lesson designed by professionals will be much better than any language app or YouTube video. But if you cannot take lessons, there is no need to panic. There are plenty of other options for every learner of Polish.
  • Make use of all the resources at your disposal. Try using language apps and practice both your hearing and speaking skills. There are also YouTube videos that can help you understand nouns, adjectives, and articles of Polish. You can watch them as many times as you want to refresh your knowledge of the language.
  • Communicate with the natives to improve your speaking skills. If you are in Poland, you won’t have any trouble communicating with the natives. But even if you are outside of Poland, you can find Poles on language forums and ask them to help you with your pronunciation.
  • Improve your understanding of Polish tenses by writing in a journal. Keeping a Polish journal will also help you keep track of your progress. You can memorize one Polish word and its Polish synonyms every day and write it in your journal to improve your vocabulary. Communicating in Polish will become easier for you once your vocabulary improves.

Once you follow the tips mentioned above, you will have no difficulty in becoming fluent in Polish.

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